Ready for Europe Day, on the 9th May, we’ve been taking a look at the different types of European bread that we bake here at Fosters and where it originates from. This day celebrates peace and unity within Europe.
1. Focaccia- This bread originates from Italy and is fairly similar to a pizza base however it rises slightly to make it an ideal bread for sandwiches. It is also usually dotted which adds a number of small wells on the surface of the bread as a way of preserving moisture. The word Focaccia is derived from the Roman words 'panis focacius', panis meaning bread and focacius is Latin for fireplace. In this period Focaccia was baked on the ashes of a fire. Here at Fosters we bake 2 different flavours of Focaccia; a rosemary one and a sun-dried tomato.
2. Ciabatta- Like Focaccia, this bread also comes from Italy, specifically Verona. It was first made in 1982 and then introduced to the UK in 1985. The name Ciabatta comes from the Italian word for slipper, which the breads first baker felt the bread looked like. This is a very light bread with a number of holes found within the dough. We bake both white and brown ciabattas.
3. Brioche Bread- This is a bread originating from France which has a very high butter and egg content, often giving a yellow colouring. It has a rich and buttery taste with a light airy texture that makes it perfect for burgers and hot-dogs. Brioche is often used for sweet dishes although the bread itself doesn't contain huge amounts of sugar. Here at the bakery we bake brioche in lots of different shapes and sizes including burger buns, hot-dog rolls, mini rolls and brioche loaves. We also have a number of different variations on classic brioche including a butter substitue to give a similar taste and texture to a butter brioche.
4. Pretzel- The exact origins of the pretzel are still unknown today, although we do know that they originate from somewhere in Europe. The earliest recorded evidence of the existence of pretzels is 1111 in the crest of the German Bakers Guild. Pretzels were taken by German immigrants across the Atlantic in the 1700's and they remain a huge part of American culture. Here at Foster's we don't bake any actual pretzels, we do however bake pretzel burger buns which are a white burger bun with a special pretzel coating that gives the perfect hybrid of softt bread and yummy pretzel.
5.Scones- Scones are thought to have originated from Scotland due to the word 'scone' first appearing in a Scottish version of the Aeneid, a Latin poem, in 1513. It is regarded that the word scone comes from the Scottish name for the 'Stone of Destiny' which is where Kings were supposedly crowned. Nowadays they are a favourite with afternoon tea and are often filled with cream and jam. We bake a number of different scones including fruited, cheese and even gluten free scones.
6. Rye Bread- There are a number of different types of rye bread from multiple different European countries including Scandinavia, Poland, Germany, Belgium. It is thought that rye was first introduced to Britain in around 500 AD by the Danes who settled here, as the bread was well suited to the climate here. We bake a number of different rye breads here, including traditional rye bread, dark rye & caraway seed bread, a rye sourdough bloomer, German rye and more.